The AWPC recruits, trains and supports women candidates in favor of the right to decide for elected and appointed office at all levels of Arizona's state and federal government. The first women's rights convention in the U.S. UU. It took place in Seneca Falls, New York.
Convened by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott and others active in the anti-slavery movement, it resulted in a Declaration of Sentiments inspired by the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration called for a variety of rights for women, including suffrage. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was the first woman to run for the United States. House of Representatives, even though it had no right to vote.
He ran for independence from New York State, receiving 24 votes out of the 12,000 that were cast. Victoria Woodhull, stockbroker, editor and protégé of Cornelius Vanderbilt, ran for president of the United States by the Equal Rights Party. Susanna Salter was elected mayor of Argonia, Kansas, the country's first female mayor. Oskaloosa, Kansas, became the first city in the United States known for having an exclusively female government, with the mayor and the entire council being women.
The council included Mayor Mary D. Lowman and Councilmembers Carrie Johnson, Sadie E. A year earlier, in 1887, voters in Syracuse, Kansas, elected women to all five city council seats, but one man served as mayor. Laura Eisenhuth (D-ND) was elected superintendent of public instruction, the first woman elected to state executive office in any state.
The first three women elected to a state legislature in the country were Clara Cressingham (R), Carrie C. Holly (R) and Frances Klock (R), all in the Colorado House of Representatives. Clara Cressingham (R) became the first woman to hold a leadership position in a state legislature, holding the position of secretary of the Republican Caucus of the Colorado House of Representatives. Martha Hughes Cannon (D) was elected to the Utah State Senate, becoming the first female state senator in the country.
Frances Warren, from Wyoming, became the first female delegate to a Republican National Convention. That same year, Elizabeth Cohen, from Utah, was elected as an alternate to the Democratic National Convention. When another female delegate became ill, Cohen became the first female delegate to a Democratic National Convention. Jeannette Rankin, a Republican from Montana, became the first woman elected to Congress.
House of Representatives from 1917 to 1919 and again from 1941 to 1942; pacifist, she was the only female legislature to vote against the United States,. After 72 years of struggle, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, giving women the right to vote. The League of Women Voters was founded by members of the American National Association for Women's Suffrage as a means of encouraging the informed participation of the new female electorate. Rebecca Latimer Felton, Democrat from Georgia, became the first woman appointed to the Senate, but she only served one day.
Florence Ellinwood Allen was elected a judge of the Ohio Supreme Court, the first woman elected to the highest court in any state. Previously, she was the first female deputy county prosecutor in the country and the first woman elected to judicial office in Ohio. Later, she became the first woman appointed judge of a federal appellate court. Soledad Chacon (D) was elected Secretary of State in New Mexico, the first Latina and the first woman of color to hold an elected executive position statewide.
Cora Belle Reynolds Anderson (R) was elected to the Michigan State House of Representatives, the first Native American woman in a state legislature. Landes, the Republican president of the city council at the time, became acting mayor of Seattle, the first woman to lead a major American city. Two years later, she was elected mayor in her own right in a campaign led by women. Lena Springs, from South Carolina, chaired the credentials committee at the Democratic National Convention and received several votes for the vice-presidential nomination.
Rep. Mae Ella Nolan (R-CA) became the first woman to chair a congressional committee when, during the 68th Congress, she chaired the Post Office Department's Expenditure Committee. Nellie Tayloe Ross, Democrat from Wyoming, became the country's first female governor, elected to replace her late husband. Later, she was named vice chair of the Democratic National Committee and director of the U.S.
Department of State. At the 1928 Democratic National Convention, he received 31 votes in the first ballot for vice presidency. With her appointment to the West Virginia State House of Representatives, Minnie Buckingham Harper (R) became the first black woman in a state legislature. Hattie Wyatt Caraway (D-AR), appointed in 1931 to fill a vacancy caused by the death of her husband, ran for a full term and became the first woman elected to the Senate, where she served two full terms.
She was the first woman to chair a Senate committee, the Committee on Enrolled Bills, a minor position. Ruth Bryan Owen, a former congressman, became the first woman to hold a major diplomatic position when President Roosevelt appointed her minister to Denmark. She held that position until 1936, when her marriage to a Dane and subsequent dual citizenship made her ineligible to hold the position. Minnie Davenport Craig (R-ND) became the first woman to hold the position of Speaker of the House of Representatives in a state legislature.
Crystal Dreda Bird Fauset (D) was elected to the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives, the first black woman elected to a state legislature. Margaret Chase Smith (Republican from Maine) became the first woman elected to the Senate without having been previously appointed to the position. Smith first came to Congress when she was elected to her late husband's seat in the House of Representatives; she was later elected to the Senate in her own right. With her election to the Senate, Smith also became the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress.
Woodhouse (D-CT) was the first woman to serve as secretary in the House Democratic Caucus. Burnita Shelton Matthews was appointed by President Harry Truman to serve in the U.S. District of Columbia Court, making her the first woman to hold the position of judge in a federal district court. Two women, India Edwards and Judge Sarah Hughes, were nominated as Democratic candidates for vice president.
Both withdrew their names before the vote, so the election of presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson, Senator Estes Kefauver, could be nominated by acclamation. Charlotta Spears Bass was the first black woman nominated for vice president of the United States. He ran with the Progressive Party, which received less than one percent of the popular vote in the 1952 presidential election. Consuelo Bailey, Republican from Vermont, became the first woman elected lieutenant governor of a state.
In that position, she served as president of the state Senate. As she had previously been president of the state House of Representatives, she thus became the only woman in the country to preside over both houses of a state legislature. Patsy Takemoto Mink (D) became the first woman from the Asiatic Pacific Islands elected to a state legislature by winning a seat in the Hawaii Senate. Judge Lorna Lockwood, the first woman elected to the Arizona Supreme Court, became the first woman in the United States.
Serve as chief justice of a state. Senator Margaret Chase Smith, a Republican from Maine, was nominated for president by Vermont Senator George Aiken at the Republican national convention. Smith had briefly campaigned for the position, limiting himself to periods when the Senate was not in session. Elected to the House of Representatives in 1940 (to replace her dying husband) and to the Senate in 1948, Smith had already made history by becoming the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress.
Constance Baker Motley was appointed by President Lyndon Johnson to the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, becoming the first black woman to hold the position of federal judge. Senator Margaret Chase Smith (R-ME) became the first woman to hold the position of president of the Senate Republican Conference. Sophia Mitchell was named mayor of Rendville, Ohio, becoming the first known black woman in the country to hold the position of mayor of a municipality. He served for at least two more terms, although he noted in a later interview that he never applied for the position and stayed because no one else wanted the position.
The Center for American Women and Politics was founded at the Rutgers Eagleton Institute for Politics, at the State University of New Jersey. Jean Westwood was appointed by presidential candidate George McGovern to chair the Democratic National Committee. The first woman to hold that position, she held the position until shortly after the elections, when she was replaced by Robert Strauss. Congresswoman Patsy Mink agreed to have her name appear on the Oregon presidential ballot to provide a platform to discuss opposition to the Vietnam War, force former Democratic candidate George McGovern to resume his anti-war approach and keep the state's liberal votes together until his delegates arrived at the convention that summer.
Mink received more than five thousand votes in the Oregon primary on May 23 and a smaller number in Maryland (57) and Wisconsin (91). He made no effort to get his name nominated at the Democratic National Convention. Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm ran for president in the Democratic primary. At the party's national convention, she won 151.25 delegate votes before Senator George McGovern won the nomination.
At the same convention, Frances (Sissy) Farenthold, a former Texas state legislature who ran twice for governor of that state, finished second in the voting for the vice-presidential nomination, receiving more than 400 votes. Lelia Foley-Davis was elected mayor of Taft, Oklahoma. She was widely cited in the national news of the time as the country's first elected black mayor. While technically not the first (see the 1971 chronological entry on Ellen Walker Craig-Jones), she is one of the first black women to hold the position of mayor of a municipality in the country and the first black woman to hold the position of mayor of an exclusively black city.
Yvonne Brathwaite Burke (D-CA) became the first woman to give birth while serving in Congress. Davis was elected mayor of the city of Compton, California, making her the first black female mayor of a metropolitan city in the United States. Kathy Kozachenko became the first openly gay or lesbian candidate to successfully run for political office in the United States, winning a seat on the city council in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Julia Cooper Mack was appointed by President Gerald Ford to the DC Court of Appeals, becoming the first woman of color appointed to a court of last resort in the U.S.
March Fong Eu (D) was elected Secretary of State from California, the first Asia-Pacific island to hold an elected executive office statewide. Ellen McCormack ran for 20 state primary elections for the Democratic presidential nomination as an anti-abortion candidate, winning 22 votes at the convention. She became the first woman to qualify for federal matching funds for the campaign and obtained Secret Service protection. In 1980, she ran for president again as a candidate for the Right to Life Party, winning more than 30,000 votes in three states.
Mary Rose Oakar (D-OH) became the first Arab-American woman elected to Congress. Congresswoman Lindy Boggs (D-LA) served as president of the 1976 Democratic National Convention, becoming the first woman to preside over a major party convention. Boggs was also the first woman elected to Congress by Louisiana and later served as U.S. ambassador to the Holy See.
Nancy Landon Kassebaum (Republican from Kansas) was the first woman to be elected to the Senate without having previously held a pending term in Congress. Velvalea Vel Phillips (D) was elected Wisconsin Secretary of State, the first black woman to hold an elected executive office statewide. LaDonna Harris appears to be the first Native American woman nominated for vice president in the United States. He ran with the Citizens Party, which received less than one percent of the popular vote in the 1980 presidential elections.
For the first time, delegates to the convention, nominating a national party, included an equal number of men and women. At its convention in New York, the Democratic Party also added to its statutes the requirement that future conventions have the same number of female and male delegates. Sandra Day O'Connor, a former Republican state legislature from Arizona who had served on a state appellate court, was named by President Ronald Reagan as the first woman to hold office in the United States,. Vesta Roy (R-NH) became the first woman to hold the position of president of a state senate.
Emma Wong Mar appears to be the first Asian-American woman nominated for vice president in the United States. She ran for the Peace and Freedom Party as Sonia Johnson's running mate. Together they received less than one percent of the popular vote in the 1984 presidential election. Sonia Johnson ran as a candidate of the Citizens Party, becoming the first candidate from a third party for president of the United States eligible to receive matching funds from the federal primary.
Ferraro (D-NY), secretary of the House Democratic Caucus, became the first woman to run on the national list of a major party when she was selected by Walter F. Mondale as his vice-presidential running mate. The candidacy was decisively defeated, with only 13 electoral votes, and few analysts considered that Ferraro's presence had a strong impact, positive or negative, on the result. Congresswoman Lynn Morley Martin (R-IL) began the first of two terms as Vice President of the Republican Conference in the House of Representatives, the first time a woman has held elected office in the congressional party hierarchy.
Wilma Mankiller became the first woman to hold the position of head of the Cherokee Nation. Madeleine Kunin, Democrat, was elected governor of Vermont. She became the first woman to serve three terms as governor (1985-199). Mary Rose Oakar (D-OH) became the first woman to serve as vice president of the House Democratic Caucus.
Congresswoman Patricia Schroeder (D-CO) made national headlines when she took the preliminary steps to seriously run for president, but withdrew before the primary because she was unable to raise the necessary funds. Lottie Shackleford was elected mayor of Little Rock, Arkansas, being the first black woman elected mayor of one of the 100 largest cities in the United States. Kay Orr, a Republican from Nebraska, was the first Republican woman elected governor of a state, as well as the first woman to defeat another woman in a race for governor. He was president twice, first in 1988 and again in 1992, and qualified to receive matching federal funds as a candidate for the New Alliance Party.
Barbara Kennelly (D-CT) became the first woman to hold the position of top Democratic member of the House of Representatives. Sandy Garrett (D) was elected Oklahoma's Superintendent of Public Instruction, the first Native American woman elected to state executive office in the U.S. Nydia Velásquez, Democrat from New York, became the first Puerto Rican woman elected to Congress. Carol Moseley Braun, Democrat from Illinois, became the first black woman and the first woman of color to be elected to the United States.
She was also the first black woman to win a nomination to the Senate from a major party. He defeated the incumbent in the primary and won the resulting vacant seat in the general election. His term ended in 1999 when he lost his bid for re-election. Olympia Snowe (Republican from Maine) became the first woman (and the only Republican woman) to be elected to the House of Representatives, the State Senate, the United States.
Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) also followed this path to the US. Senate, making her the first Democrat to do so. Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) became the first woman to hold the position of Secretary of the Democratic Senate Conference in the 104th Congress (1995-199). Senator Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-KS) became the first woman to chair a major Senate committee, the Labor and Human Resources Committee.
In March 1999, Elizabeth Dole announced her exploratory committee in a bid for the Republican presidential nomination in the 2000 elections. He dropped out of the race later that same year. In 2002, she was elected a member of the United States,. Senator Olympia Snowe (R-ME) became the first woman to hold the position of secretary of the Senate Republican Conference.
Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) became the first woman to hold the position of secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference. Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-TX) became the first woman to serve as vice president of the Senate Republican Conference. Senator Patty Murray (D-WA) became the first woman to serve as chair of the Democratic Senate Campaign Committee. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) was elected by her colleagues as the Democratic leader of the House of Representatives, the highest-ranking woman in the history of the United States,.
Nita Lowey (D-NY) became the first woman to chair the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. He also served as the general minority leader of the House of Representatives. Heather Fargo was elected mayor of Sacramento, California, the first Latina elected mayor of one of the 100 largest cities in the U.S. Sila Calderón (Popular Democratic Party), former mayor of San Juan, became the first female governor of Puerto Rico.
Condoleezza Rice became the first woman to hold the position of National Security Adviser (formally known as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs) when she was appointed by President George W. Elaine Chao became the first Asian-American woman to serve in a presidential cabinet when she was appointed Secretary of Labor by President George W. Gale Norton became the first woman to hold the position of Secretary of the Interior, appointed by President George W. Norton was the first woman elected as Colorado's attorney general and held that position for two terms.
Ann Veneman (R) was appointed by President George W. Bush will be the first female Secretary of Agriculture. Previously, she was the first woman to serve as secretary of the California Department of Food and Agriculture. Christine Todd Whitman (R) of New Jersey became the first female former governor to hold a presidential cabinet-level position when President Bush appointed her administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
She was the first woman elected governor of New Jersey and held that position for two terms. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) became the first woman to lead her party in Congress when she was elected by her colleagues as the Democratic leader of the House of Representatives. Kathleen Sebelius (D-KS) is the first female governor whose father (John Gilligan, D-OH) was also governor of a state. Condoleezza Rice became the first Republican woman and the first black woman to hold office as an American,.
Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) became the first woman to hold the office of President of the United States. Colleen Hanabusa (D) became president of the Hawaii Senate, the first woman of color and an Asian Pacific Islander to hold the highest leadership position in a state legislature. Karen Bass (D) became president of the California State Assembly, the first woman of color to hold the position of speaker of a state chamber and the first black woman to lead any of the chambers of a state legislature. Alaska Governor Sarah Palin, chosen by Senator John McCain as her running mate for vice presidency, became the first woman on a national Republican list.
Margarita Prentice (D) became senatorial president pro tempore of the Washington Senate, the first Latina to lead any of the chambers of a state legislature. Michele Bachmann (Republican from Minnesota) campaigned for the Republican nomination for president. He retired from the race after a disappointing performance at the Iowa caucuses. Tina Kotek (D-OR) became the country's first openly lesbian state speaker of the House of Representatives.
New Hampshire became the first state to have an all-female congressional delegation (Senators Jeanne Shaheen and Kelly Ayotte, and Representatives Ann McLane Kuster and Carol Shea-Porter). Mia Love (R-UT) became the first black Republican woman in Congress. Kate Brown (D-OR) became the country's first openly bisexual governor and the first person to be openly LGBT when she took office as governor. Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV) became the first Latina elected to the United States.
Kamala Harris (D-CA), who is black and from South Asia, became the first South Asian woman and the second black woman elected to the United States Senate. Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) became the first woman to hold the position of vice president of the Senate Democratic Conference. Twenty-five years after the election of Althea Garrison and her non-consensual presentation, Danica Roem (D-VA) became the first openly transgender person to be elected and to serve in a U.S. state legislature.
Sharice Davids (D-KS) and Deb Haaland (D-NM) became the first Native American women elected to Congress. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) and Rashida Tlaib (D-MI) became the first Muslim women elected to Congress. Michele Lujan Grisham (New Mexico) became the first Democratic governor of color in the entire country. Deb Haaland was appointed by President Joseph Biden as Secretary of the Interior, becoming the first Native American woman to serve in a presidential cabinet.
Rachel Levine, appointed by President Joseph Biden as Undersecretary of Health, became the first openly transgender person to be confirmed by the U.S. Senate, making her the highest-ranking openly transgender official in U.S. history. In this interactive timeline, travel through the past five decades as barriers after barriers are broken down and see how the CAWP becomes the country's leading institution dedicated to women's political participation, while intersecting with American women and supporting each other as they take hold of their own political destiny.
The Arizona Women's Political Caucus (AWPC) is the state branch of the National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC). On November 5, 1912, women were able to convince men to vote for the Arizona women's suffrage initiative. The Tucson chapter of the AWPC has actively participated in these campaigns and several of its members have run for public office. This is the first time in history that more than two women competed in the same process of the presidential primary of a major party.
The groups are represented by the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under the Law, the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU Law, and the law firms Latham & Watkins LLP and Spencer Fane, in support of the plaintiffs in two cases, Hobbs v. Since the fall of 1971, the AWPC has been involved in a number of political campaigns, including support for the Equal Rights Amendment, the Right to Choose, and candidates at various levels of government. Suffragists kept up the conversation about suffrage in Arizona until the national amendment was approved in the U. Phoenix, Arizona Today, following a hearing in a lawsuit filed by the Arizona League of Women Voters (LWVAZ), a federal court issued an order to block illegal voter intimidation at the polls.
The Arizona Women's Political Caucus (1971-2011) contains materials related to the organization's political activities, including support for women candidates seeking local, state and federal office, and fundraising and training for legislators and politicians in favor of the right to decide. Judge Lorna Lockwood, the first woman elected to the Arizona Supreme Court, became the first woman in the U. .